Browsing Willamette University Department Collections by Title
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- ItemAge Minimums in the Sport of Women's Artistic Gymnastics(2010) Paul, Jennifer(7 Willamette Sports L.J. 73 (2010)). In 2009, the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG) took on the task of age verification for gymnasts. This article analyzes the use of minimum age requirements in women’s artistic gymnastics, including the need for an age requirement. The article further discusses methods of enforcing the minimum age.
- ItemAimed at the Goal? The Sustainability of Major League Soccer's Structure(2011) Taylor, Diana C.(9 Willamette Sports L.J., no. 1, 2011, at 1). This paper examines Major League Soccer (MSL) in the US. It gives an overview of MLS history, then discusses how the MLS resembles other American sports leagues including the National Football and Hockey Leagues; the National Basketball Association; and Major League Baseball. It then considers how the MLS resembles European soccer powerhouses in England, Italy, Spain, and others; and the ways the MLS resembles neither of these structures. The paper concludes by examining whether the hybrid model the MLS has adopted is sustainable.
- ItemAlkalinity Titrations for Ponil Creek Watershed New Mexico Data(2016-05-16) Hansen, Cassie;This is a collection of 10 zipped files which include: One TXT file (Readme); One XLSX file (original data); Eight CVS files (spreadsheet tabs from original data). Method: I collected 54 water samples from the three branches of the Ponil Creek and preformed titrations to measure alkalinity in mg/L as CaCO3. Each sample was collected in a 250 mL plastic bottle with no headspace, although 100mL was used in the actual titration. Alkalinity titrations were performed with a Thermo Scientific Orion Star pH/Conductivity Meter and Hach Digital Titrator to deliver 0.00125 mL/digit of 1.60 M Sulfuric Acid. Orion Star has been used in similar studies (Melzer, Knapp, Kirkman, Smith, & Blair, 2010) and the samples were titrated within 12 hours in field (as opposed to a lab) for accuracy (Quade, English, & DeCelles, 2003). The creek name, location name, date, time collected, UTM’s (Universal Transverse Mercator location), temperature of water, specific conductance, time analyzed, sulfuric acid concentration, titration data (pH and clicks), and photos were recorded for each sample. Then the USGS Alkalinity Calculator was used to determine the concentration of CaCO3 for each sample (USGS, 2013). These alkalinity titrations will provide the chemical concentration for the weathering flux calculation.
- ItemThe Aluminum Lobby: Impact of the Direct Service Industries on Electric Consumers of the Northwest(2002-03-01) Weiss, Steve
- ItemAmateur Draft "Signing Bonus Pools": The Latest Inequity Made Possible by Baseball's Archaic Antitrust Exemption(2013) Michel, Eric(11 Willamette Sports L.J., no. 1, 2013, at 46). This article argues the amateur draft “Signing Bonus Pools” of Major League Baseball (MLB) violate federal antitrust and labor policy. It begins by describing baseball’s amateur draft and how it affects draftees’ ability to negotiate the terms of their first MLB contract. Next, it traces MLB’s attempts to curb escalating bonuses and details the latest attempt: the Signing Bonus Pool system. The article describes the evolution of baseball’s judicially-crafted exemption from the antitrust laws, followed by an examination of the scope of this exemption. The article discusses the intersection of federal antitrust and labor policy in the context of professional sports, focusing on the “nonstatutory labor exemption” from antitrust law. The author then argues that without baseball’s archaic antitrust exemption, the “Signing Bonus Pool” system included in the newest collective bargaining agreement would be invalid.
- ItemAntitrust Law and Sports Franchise Relocation: Why the Single-Entity Defense Falls Short(2012) Staenberg, Aaron(9 Willamette Sports L.J., no. 2, 2012, at 1). This article argues that it is better for the overall state of sports franchises and leagues to allow for team relocation, and that multiple-entity sports leagues better allow for such relocation. First, the article examines the history of antitrust laws in sports as these laws relate to franchise relocation. Next, the article looks at relocation restrictions placed on sports franchises. The article then explains the benefits and disadvantages of single-entity league and multiple-entity league frameworks. It concludes that the multiple-entity framework makes franchise relocation easier.
- ItemAnytime, Anywhere Medical Records: The National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII)(2004-03-01) Hersh, William
- ItemThe Applicability of the ADA in Professional Sports(2011) Turner Roberts, Keesha(8 Willamette Sports L.J., no. 2, 2011, at 1). This paper considers the proper application of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in light of athlete Casey Martin, who is unable to golf without a golf cart. The article examines lower court decisions in the Martin case. It then describes the ADA and its predecessor, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Next, it examines case law applying the ADA to professional sports. The article then analyzes the issues in the Martin case and concludes that the lower courts properly decided the case.
- ItemArguments for an NCAA Paternity Waiver: A Student-Athlete Father and His Relationship with Title IX and the Equal Protection Clause(2014) Pahl, Andrew F.(11 Willamette Sports L.J., no. 2, 2014, at 20). This article discusses the legal, social, and practical implications resulting from a pregnancy eligibility waiver for men (“paternity waiver”). The National Collegiate Athletics Association permits female athletes a one-year eligibility waiver if they become pregnant, but offers no similar waiver for men who have children. The article discusses the legal arguments and necessary posture in which an athlete could prevail on a claim for such a waiver. The article examines both Title IX and the Equal Protection Clause as necessary weapons for gender equality. The author argues that public pressure must be applied to member universities, not necessarily to the NCAA, if the NCAA’s status quo is to be altered.
- ItemThe Art of the Possible:An Overview of the Fair and Clean Energy Coalition(2002-03-01) Bissonnette, Jeff
- ItemASWU Constitution Bill and Amendment- Student Body Fees ca December 1993(Associated Students of Willamette University (ASWU), 1993-12-08)
- ItemAthletic Interest Surveys: A Necessary Tool in an Institution's Title IX Compliance Tool Belt(2013) Bentley, Eric D.(11 Willamette Sports L.J., no. 1, 2013, at 28). This article focuses on the use of surveys in demonstrating compliance with Title IX. It describes controversy that surrounded the 2005 model survey and the Department of Education Office of Civil Right’s 2010 Clarification withdrawing the 2005 model survey. The author argues that surveys are usually a necessary tool to prove compliance, and describes how athletic departments with football as a sport should use an athletic interest survey.