Student Scholarship Recognition Day Projects

This collection is for the use of Willamette University faculty and students. Access to these papers is restricted to members of the Willamette University community.

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Now showing 1 - 20 of 28
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    (2012-07-12) Hill, Cameron
    This project is the third video in a series of videos which captures my artistic development at Willamette University through music and photography. This project continues work originally for a Carson Grant. The video is titled Dreamscapes and is divided into two sections. The thematic issues concern emptiness, nature, space, and people. The entire video is in monochrome with original music compositions designed to guide the viewer through the experience.
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    Silence is Solace
    (2011-12-05T17:41:59Z) Hill, Cameron
    This project is the second video in a series of videos which captures my artistic development at Willamette University through music and photography. The first video was shown at SSRD 2010 and is titled Revelations on Serenity. This second video is divided into two sections. The first explores the relationship between nature and humanity while the second is a more abstract expression using a repeated image as a character. The entire video is in monochrome with original music compositions designed to guide the viewer through the experience.
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    Differences in Couple Representation Between Men’s and Women’s Magazines
    (2010-07-13T17:24:31Z) Stewart, Shannon; Geck, Amanda
    This study was a content analysis on ten mainstream men’s and ten mainstream women’s magazines. Researchers looked for depictions of a couple within articles, advertisements, and in any images within the magazine. Every item was coded for what kind of couple was shown, the tone towards being a couple, and what the genders of the individuals within the couple were. A tally of how many articles and images mentioned couples, and how many articles or advertisements featured birth control was made in addition to the coded items. It was hypothesized that couples would be mentioned more in women’s magazines and would be portrayed more positively compared to the men’s magazines. Results supported this hypothesis through chi-square analysis. Furthermore, the hypothesis that most couples represented would be heterosexual couples was also supported. All of our results were statistically significant.
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    Personality as a Predictive Factor of Coping Styles: Contextualizing “Successful” Coping among Survivors of Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence
    (2010-05-24T21:34:52Z) Jones, Megan
    Past research has explored personality traits as predictive factors of coping with general and task-induced stress. Personality traits have not been explored as predictive factors of coping with gendered violence. Ten clients at a women’s crisis service completed surveys that consisted of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, the revised Ways of Coping Checklist, and a demographics form. Results indicated that extroverts, sensors and thinkers used engagement coping strategies and introverts, intuitors and feelers used disengagement coping strategies. The present study should be replicated with a larger sample size. Pending replication, the results could improve counseling for survivors of gendered violence.
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    Revelations on Serenity
    (2010-05-19T19:04:35Z) Hill, Cameron
    This project is an exploration concerning the personal freshman year experience at Willamette University through photography. The project came from a personal desire to document the experience in an artistic manner. The video is divided into two sections. The first documents, in chronological order, the experience while the second is a more abstract artistic expression using photography. The video is supposed to represent a singular narrative on the experience which is why the video is in monochrome. In the second part of the video I wanted to explore the notion of the “self” and see how the concept relates to ourselves and how we interpret the world around us. The main theme running throughout the video is the concept of serenity. ***Note: Use Apple's QuickTime to view this video & music. This runs 15:50 minutes in length.
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    Individuality and Community in Desert Solitaire
    (2010-05-17T23:59:51Z) Davidson, David
    Edward Abbey’s 1968 literary memoir Desert Solitaire is an iconic piece of American literature. The book describes young Edward’s time as a park ranger at Arches National Monument near Moab, Utah - working primarily in isolation and keeping long, detailed journals, much of which text made it word-for-word into Desert Solitaire. For those who have not read it, Desert Solitaire is a series of vignettes revolving around the desert Southwest, ranging from a polemic against “industrial tourism” to an ambiguously fictional account of the lives of uranium miners to anecdotes of river running, mountain climbing and canyon exploring. The reader is left dazzled both by Abbey’s gorgeous prose and his prickly and hostile attitude towards, seemingly, much of the rest of the world.
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    Pure Romance: Unfastening the Sex Toy Stigma
    (2010-05-17T21:01:06Z) Robinson, Bethany
    The topic of sexuality generates a wealth of public discussion, disagreement, and social control, in addition to being an important political issue for feminists. According to Foucault (1978), the process of determining which activities and sensations are considered “sexual” is a historical and cultural process, and therefore represents a discourse that evolves as a response to social constructions. Sexuality has historically been repressed, with social institutions such as churches, the military, schools, and more broadly the state enforcing surveillance and control over bodies and sexuality (Foucault 1978). There is a need for sexuality to be discussed and analyzed sociologically, with particular attention to female sexuality and how the personal has become public. Responding to my interest in the social repression of female sexuality, I chose Pure Romance as a site for ethnographic research.
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    “To Him Dominion Given, Worthiest to Reign”: Religio-Political Merit, Ireland and the Paradox of Rebellion in Paradise Lost
    (2010-05-14T18:32:18Z) Miller, Barratt
    This paper examines the Milton's apparently paradoxical definition of merit in Paradise Lost in relation to contemporary Anglo-Irish politics. Using Sinfield's theory of faultlines and a dual reading of representations of Ireland in the poem and Milton's Observations Upon the Articles of Peace, this paper reveals the way in which Milton's understanding of all merit, including political merit, is always already religious.
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    “Do Not Trust Too Much to Your Eyes”: Female Epistemologies in Robin McKinley’s Rose Daughter
    (2010-05-14T18:29:51Z) Miller, Barratt
    This paper examines the way Robin McKinley's Rose Daughter uses female epistemologies. By destabilizing the visual and emphasizing the use of touch as a means of knowing, this retelling of Beauty and the Beast challenges traditional gender roles presented in earlier versions of the tale.
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    Improving Subjective Quality of Life for Individuals Diagnosed with Schizophrenia: Urban vs. Rural Environments
    (2010-05-14T17:07:52Z) Saccomanno, Olivia
    It is argued that individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia have more opportunities to increase their subjective quality of life in urban vs. rural areas due to increased mental health resources and decreased social stigma. There is greater resource availability in urban vs. rural areas; individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia meet their identified needs and increase their subjective quality of life through mental health resources. Additionally, there is less stigmatization in urban vs. rural areas and when stigma is reduced, health care service utilization increases. Increased levels of diversity in urban areas lead to intergroup contact which decreases prejudice and consequently stigma. Implications include the need for rural mental health services to be attentive to clients who are struggling with poor quality of life and consider whether the clients would function more effectively in an urban environment.
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    Mama Huaca y Amorfinos Literatura Oral Ecuatoriana Como la Identidad Multicultural (Mama Huaca and Amorfinos Ecuadorian Oral Literature as a Multicultural Identity)
    (2010-05-12T21:00:42Z) Sifferman, Teresa
    La lucha para la identidad personal es un tema central para todos los humanos, y con cada acto los individuos expresan sus personalidades aunque sus tácticos son distintos. Algunas personas y, a su vez, las culturas a que las pertenecen, declaran su identidades a través de la vestimenta, las creencias, su moda de vida, y, además, el idioma. Por casi toda la historia del mundo, populaciones han manifestado su identidad con mitos, canciones, poesía, e historias que se transmiten a través del idioma, sean escritos u orales. (The struggle for personal identity is a central issue for all humans, and with each act of individuals express their personalities and tactics are different. Some people and cultures, in turn, declare their identities through clothing, beliefs, your lifestyle, and also the language. For almost the entire history of the world, populations have indicated their identity with myths, songs, poetry, and stories that are transmitted through language, whether written or oral.)
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    Hybridization of Home: Development of Diasporic Domesticity in the Contemporary Literature of Britain’s Bangladeshi Diaspora
    (2010-05-12T19:55:10Z) Donaldson, Emily
    I want to break tradition—unlock this room where women dress in the dark Discover the lies my mother told me. The lies that we are small an powerless that our possibilities must be compressed to the size of pearls, displayed only as passive chokers, charms around our neck. Break tradition. –Janice Mirikitani1 Corsets. Drawing rooms. Parties. Family. Letter writing. Marriage. These motifs are the features of traditional domestic fiction. At its height in the Victorian era, domestic fiction allowed women writers and female protagonists to find their literary voice for the first time. The genre affirmed the self-realization of women in the space of their home. And although novels like Pride and Prejudice, Middlemarch, and Mrs. Dalloway are still beloved today, novels that celebrate an idealized domestic space are scarcely written in modernity. With suffrage, access to education, the feminist movement, and overall female empowerment, women writers seem increasingly to “find their voice” outside of the domestic tradition. When domestic novels are written today the traditional notions of female identity, family, and home are deconstructed and defined anew.
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    Can Virtue Make Us Happy? The Art of Living and Morality
    (2010-05-12T18:56:17Z) Burns, Kathryn
    Is happiness found through an external focus on accomplishing goals in the material world? Or is happiness fashioned through an internal focus on performing one’s duty according to the moral standards of one’s community (religious or secular)? Might happiness (eudaimonia) consist in taking personal responsibility for one’s creative capacity to accomplish things that nature cannot accomplish on its own? Might viewing virtue in terms of the origins of one’s creativity rather than the external consequences of one’s actions lead to an understanding of virtue that allows us to be human and happy?
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    The Undead and the Living God: How 19th Century Vampire Literature Participates in the Epistemological Discourse of the Victorian Era
    (2010-05-12T18:50:49Z) Harrison, Lynsey
    An investigation into how 19th century vampire literature reveals the evolving religious beliefs of 19th century Britain. This presentation will examine Polidori’s “The Vampyre,” Le Fanu’s “Carmilla,” Stevenson’s “Olalla,” and Stoker’s Dracula in terms of the underlying religious beliefs revealed by how vampires are depicted in each story. Žižek’s concept of belief before belief will also be used to understand how practice and belief interact in these texts. Using these explorations, it will then be possible to draw conclusions about how and why vampire fiction has experienced windfalls in the 19th and now the late 20th and early 21st centuries.
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    Locus of Control as a Mediator in the Relationship Between Sex Education and Sexual Behavior in Adolescents
    (2010-05-11T19:21:13Z) Kudroff, Kachina
    A model in which locus of control acted as a mediator in the relationship between sex education and sexual behavior in adolescents was tested. One hundred forty college student participants completed an online survey which measured sexual behavior, locus of control, condom use self-efficacy, sexual knowledge, and experiences with sex education in school. Although significant relationships were found between sex education and sexual behavior, no significant relationships were revealed between sex education and locus of control or locus of control and sexual behavior resulting in rejection of the hypothesized model. Exploratory supplementary analyses revealed significant relationships between condom use self-efficacy, knowledge, and sexual behavior. The implications and limitations of this study are discussed, along with possible explanations of the findings.
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    Can Virtue Make Us Happy? The Art of Living and Morality: Otfried Höffe
    (2010-05-11T18:47:31Z) Murphy, Eryn
    Höffe’s first question is how to determine and define “the good.” He cites three habits, three interests, and three meanings that, together, form a recipe for an understanding of goodness. “Good” can apply to any one of the three meanings of ethos: Ethos 1, the habits associated with the relationship between an organism and its location; Ethos 2, moral habits that correspond to societal conventions; and/or Ethos 3, habits that form a personal course, independent of society’s influence. Habits can be evaluated through the lens of three interests. They can be examined empirically, through description of cultural moral habits and through explanations of origin and function. They can be examined with concern for the normative task, either in an effort to evaluate the validity and morality of the habit or to prescribe “should” imperatives that apply to both eudaimonistic and deontological views. Finally, they can be examined through attention to moral philosophy, seeking a meta-ethical standard for standards.
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    “Forward Out of Error, Forward into Light:” Hunger Striking, Force-Feeding, and Historiographical Oversight in Three Women's Suffrage Movements, 1909-1918
    (2010-05-11T18:39:49Z) McCartan, Alison
    “Cracking Eggs:” Introduction Yesterday afternoon at about four or five, Mrs. Lewis and I were asked to go to the operating room. Went there and found our clothes. Told we were to go to Washington. No reason as usual. When we were dressed, Dr. Gannon appeared, and said he wished to examine us. Both refused. Were dragged through the halls by force, our clothing partly removed by force, and we were examined, heart tested, blood pressure, and pulse taken. Of course such data was of no value after such a struggle. Dr. Gannon told me I must be fed. Was stretched on bed, two doctors, matron, four colored prisoners present, Whittaker in hall. I was held down by five people at the legs, arms, and head. I refused to open my mouth. Gannon pushed tube up left nostril. I turned and twisted my head all I could, but he managed to push it up. It hurts nose and throat very much and makes nose bleed freely. Tube drawn out covered with blood. Operation leaves one very sick. Food dumped directly into stomach feels like a ball of lead. Left nostril, throat and muscles of neck very sore all night. After this I was brought into the hospital in an ambulance. Mrs. Lewis and I placed in same room. Slept hardly at all. This morning Dr. Ladd appeared with his tube. Mrs. Lewis and I said we would not be forcibly fed. Said he would call in men guards and force us to submit. Went away and we were not fed at all this morning. We hear them outside now cracking eggs.1 In this passage, Lucy Burns describes the experience of being force-fed at Occoquan Workhouse in Virginia in 1917, where she had been imprisoned after her arrest for militant suffrage activities. As had become standard practice among suffrage prisoners at the time, Burns went on hunger strike to protest her imprisonment as a common criminal and not as a political prisoner. Since 1909, hunger striking had been employed in the women’s suffrage campaigns of Britain, Ireland, and the United States, and hunger strikers in all three countries underwent the harrowing process of being forcibly fed. Considering the shock value of an account like Burns’, one might imagine the issue of suffragette hunger striking and force-feeding to have generated significant historical interest. However, this aspect of the movements appears in only a very small portion of works pertaining to women’s suffrage.
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    What’s In a Name?: The Rhetoric of “People of Color” in Counterpublic Formation
    (2010-05-11T18:30:21Z) Chase, Wiggins
    The term “people of color” has recently come to replace terms such as “minority,” “non-white” and “historically underrepresented people,” as the generally preferred term by members of these groups. The intentional use of “people of color” as a means of identification has risen in usage particularly amongst scholars who situate themselves within the American Ethnic Studies tradition, which takes seriously critical race theory, in short, the idea that race does matter, as well as the power of language to create and perpetuate systemic oppression. Language, therefore, when critically examined and used with proper care and intent can also be used to create a more inclusive reality. “People of color”, then, is a term that allows members of the group who identify as such, to construct themselves positively, that is, according to what they are, rather than what they are not–as is the case with non-white. It is an empowering term in light of the racially stratified social structures, which have traditionally cast them in disempowering terms such as minority and underrepresented.
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    Ted Bundy vs. Hannibal Lecter: An Exploration of Factual and Fictional Serial Murderers from the Mid-20th to Early-21st Centuries
    (2010-05-11T16:53:53Z) Parker, Jessica
    Serial murder is by no means a postmodern phenomenon exclusive to the United States. There are many documented cases of serial murder in various parts of the world prior to the twentieth-century, and countless more have occurred since. For example, Hickey (1985) found 47 serial murderer cases in foreign countries and Smith (1987) describes a number of serial murderers from southern and southeast Asia, Europe, and England. One of the most well-known cases of serial murder is by London’s unidentified “Jack the Ripper” who killed several prostitutes in 1888 (Seltzer 1998). Despite the abundance of universal cases, the American fascination with serial murder, especially the individual offenders of these crimes, has increased dramatically within the past 50 years. The crime of serial murder is discussed in the media via talk shows and news reports, is portrayed in fictional books and Hollywood films, and is studied at length by academic scholars. More remarkable is the individual serial murderer as an American pop culture icon. Beyond the ordinary biographies and documentaries there exists a whole subset of commodities created to glamorize the serial murderer, such as trading cards, comic books, magazines, and “murderabilia” (Fox and Levin 2005). Additionally, certain serial murderers receive recognition and fame through the mainstream media. For example, Jeffery Dahmer was on the cover of People and was chosen by this magazine as one of its “25 Most Intriguing People of 1991” (Fox and Levin 1994).
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    Space of the Other: Sexual Politics and Post-colonialism in the Novels of Marguerite Duras
    (2010-04-23T20:43:30Z) Kalama, Wailana
    What is Duras? My thesis looks at Duras’ attempts to explore her own identity, and especially sexual identity, within a colonial framework. A published writer since the fifties, Duras continually explored the realm of the feminine by writing alternative and innovative styles of literature until her death in 1996. She is one of many voices in French New Feminist literary discourse growing in popularity in the past fifty years. In this movement, portrayals of the female have diverted to unconventional realms, from Françoise Sagan’s anti-sentimentalism, to Violette Le Duc’s lesbian erotica, and Anne Desclos’ sadomasochistic fiction. Raised in French-occupied Indochina, Duras offers a unique perspective as a hybrid that is neither fully part of one world nor the other. Her heritage and her experiences have cultivated a person that is part of the landscape, and her concept of Self is continually reformed and adhering to the Other. Her re-conceptualization of Asia into her own projected, subjective view of the continent (Durasie) allows for a new space in which to work outside the European gender binary. The questions of identity and of the female in relation to her Space permeate Duras’ works. She uses her personalized view of the Oriental environment and masculinity to strengthen her position as an independent female voice that is not qualified by a Western binary.